The present Dutch monarchy was founded in 1813, the year the French occupying troups were driven out of the Netherlands. The then Prince of Orange was proclaimed King of the United Netherlands, consisting of the territory of contemporary Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. Luxembourg would be lost due to salic law governing succession there, and Belgium proclaimed its independence in 1830.
From the early 19th century onwards, the Dutch monarchs became and remained very popular, although their political influence is starting to dwindle. The last three monarchs were all women, making the Netherlands the only European country which was ruled by Queens-regnant for over a century in recent history.