Today marks the 150th anniversary of the proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy on 17 March 1861 in Turin; on that day, the Parliament of the newly founded nation proclaimed King Vittorio Emanuele II of Sardinia as first King of Italy. The proclamation was the result of the process of unification of the Italian peninsula, whose foundation was based on renewed nationalistic feelings among the Italian people since the beginning of the 19th century.
Princess Margarita of Bourbon-Parma, Countess of Colorno, and her husband Tjalling ten Cate welcomed their second child and daughter, Paola Cecilia Laurentien ten Cate, born last Friday 25 February 2011 at 6.05 p.m. at Bronovo Hospital in The Hague. Both mother and daughter are doing fine.
The groom, the 40-year-old Prince Carlos Xavier of Bourbon-Parma, is the titular Duke of Parma and Piacenza, the eldest son of the late Duke Carlos Hugo (best known as the Carlist claimant to the Spanish throne and Head of Carlism in the 1960s and 1970s) and Princess Irene of the Netherlands, daughter of Queen Juliana and sister of the present Queen Beatrix.
Besides the new Duke, his son and heir Carlos Xavier and spouse Duchess Annemarie, daughter Princess Margarita with spouse Tjalling ten Cate, her twin brother Prince Jaime and Princess Maria Carolina as well as three sisters of the deceased, almost the entire Dutch Royal Family, 15 strong, attended the funeral of this warm modest man and beloved uncle. HM Queen Beatrix did not attend but was represented by TRH The Prince of Orange and Princess Máxima.
His Royal Highness Prince Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma, titular Duke of Parma and Piacenza and the Carlist claimant to the throne of Spain, died at 8 a.m. yesterday, 18 August 2010, in Barcelona. He was 80 years old.
He was born Prince Hugues Xavier of Bourbon-Parma (he officially changed his name to Carlos Hugo in 1963) in Paris on 8 April 1930, three years after the wedding of his parents, Prince Xavier (son of Duke Roberto I, the last reigning Duke of Parma, and his second wife, Duchess Maria Antonia) and Princess Madeleine, born Countess of Bourbon-Busset.